IFFO acknowledges new report from Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP)
While reduction fisheries are recognised as having made progress is many areas, further work remains to be done. Industry takes responsibility for its part in securing the long term future of fisheries, but it is also clear that governments and fishery managers also need to respect scientific advice and have effective political partnerships for straddling stocks.
One area of work in progress is the need for more ecosystem based fishery management. Several references and criticisms are made in regard to the lack of ecosystem based management in this sector. This is an emerging science and a complex subject that is still gathering consensus in the scientific community. Recent publications have overstated the impact of fishing mortality on stocks that are naturally highly fluctuating and where predators often take juveniles, whereas fishing activity is aimed at larger mature fish. IFFO is currently scoping work to better understand the impacts of environment, predation and fishing mortality on low trophic level stocks to ensure that more sophisticated harvest control rules can be developed.
The single largest reduction fishery, Peruvian Anchoveta, is regarded as well managed but has been downgraded by SFP due to concerns over biomass and percentages of juveniles. Although not mentioned in the SFP report, the Anchoveta fishery was closed for the second season in 2014 by the Peruvian authorities for just this reason, only re-opening in April 2015. While it is important for fishery managers to control fishing effort, this is not the only driver of biomass level and it is inevitable biomass levels and percentage of juveniles in these types of fishery will fluctuate with variation in recruitment.
Andrew Mallison, IFFO Director General said “These fisheries are increasingly important to the future of aquaculture, while we may not agree with every recommendation, SFP raises valid points. IFFO also welcomes the support that SFP have provided for The Global Standard for Responsible Supply (IFFO RS). IFFO members are committed to responsible management of the fisheries on which they rely for their future and are working with NGO’s, scientists and governments to improve fishery management.”
More information: SFP Reduction Fisheries Sector Report 2015
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Notes for Editors
- IFFO represents the marine ingredients industry worldwide. IFFO’s members reside in more than 60 countries, account for over 50% of world production and 75% of the fishmeal and fish oil traded worldwide. Approximately 5 million tonnes of fishmeal are produced each year globally, together with 1 million tonnes of fish oil. IFFO’s headquarters are located in London in the United Kingdom and it also has offices in Lima, Peru, and in Beijing, China. IFFO is an accredited Observer to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). For more information, visit the IFFO website - http://www.iffo.net/
- The Global Standard for Responsible Supply (IFFO RS) is a business-to-business certification programme that enables a compliant factory to demonstrate that it responsibly sources its raw material from well-managed fisheries and responsibly converts that into pure and safe products. To be certified fishmeal and fish oil factories must demonstrate sourcing from well managed fisheries and safe and traceable production. Assessments are conducted by an independent certification body and in just over two years, IFFO RS has successfully attracted over 110 certified factories, spread across nine countries. Most of the largest fisheries such as Peruvian anchovy, Alaskan Pollock, Blue Whiting in UK, Iceland and Norway, Gulf menhaden in USA and many more have been approved for supply into the manufacturing food chain including whole fish and by- product raw material to produce compliant fishmeal and fish oil. For more information visit the IFFO RS Website - http://www.iffo.net/iffo-rs
- Fishmeal is a natural, balanced, highly nutritious feed ingredient used in diets for farmed fish and crustaceans and as a high protein supplement in nutritionally demanding periods in the life cycle of pigs and poultry, as well as in pet food.
- Fish oil is the major natural source (97%) of the healthy long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, EPA and DHA. Most fish oil is used in feeds for farmed fish and there is an expanding market for fish oil for human nutritional supplements and functional foods.