IFFO 2020 - eNGO’s

Introduction

With the concerns over environmental sustainability of wild fish and, more recently, fed aquaculture, several national and international NGO’s have become very active in challenging the industry. Some are constructive in their approach, critical but willing to work with industry in finding solutions. Others are more adversarial, with little or no correspondence with industry. It is important to be aware of their agendas before entering any relationships, these agendas are often determined by their funding sources. The majority are focussed on environmental sustainability (eNGOs) but another group are prominent in the field of social sustainability, human rights and labour standards.  Some are funding scientific projects, and that type of information may be used to influence governments, regulators and international organisations.

Interaction with eNGOs can be beneficial in finding long term sustainable solutions and is often desirable, both in terms of providing IFFO with an awareness of the eNGOs activities and positions as well as reflecting IFFO’s full engagement across all stakeholders.

Only a selection of the main campaigning NGO’s have been included – standard setters and trade associations have not been covered.

Vision

IFFO will support Members in achieving constructive relationships with key NGOs active in the fish industry.

IFFO will do this by providing:

  • An overview of significant NGOs in the industry, both environmental and social, including their scope and contact details.
  • Main NGO publications and policy statements and any updates / developments.
  • Opportunities to debate and consider developments within the NGO sector at IFFO industry events.
  • Maintaining contacts with key NGO’s to develop constructive relationships.

IFFO will represent members’ interests in communications with NGOs. Wherever possible, positive, respectful and constructive working relationships will be established. 

Appendix – selection of key NGO’s related to seafood @ 14th November 2017:

NGO

Scope

Website

Publications

Comments

 

 

Compassion In World Farming

Animal Welfare

 

https://www.ciwf.org.uk/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMT8AfHqIKI&feature=youtu.be

UK based. Farmed animal welfare standards, including farmed fish. Have produced reviews of retailers’ welfare standards. 2014 filmed critical review of Chimbote Peru production of fishmeal, IFFO wrote to CIWF, Peruvian government and trade press in response.

 

Conservation International

Environmental

https://www.conservation.org/Pages/default.aspx

https://www.conservation.org/publications/Documents/2016-annual-report.pdf#search=fish

Conservation International is a large American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. Over 1000 employees in 30 countries. Its goal is to protect nature as a source of food, fresh water, livelihoods and a stable climate.

David Suzuki Foundation

Environmental

https://davidsuzuki.org/

 

Canadian based environmental group, focussing on climate, oceans, biodiversity, energy and transport.

 

NGO

Scope

Website

Publications

Comments

 

Environmental Defence Fund

Environmental – all sectors

https://www.edf.org/

https://www.edf.org/policy-resources

Focus on climate change, energy, oceans, ecosystems (food, water).

 

Environmental Justice Foundation

Environmental / Social

https://ejfoundation.org/

https://ejfoundation.org/archive

Focus on climate change and social standards.

Fishwise

Environmental

https://www.fishwise.org

http://www.fishchoice.com/

USA based NGO with focus on providing advice on sustainable seafood. “FishWise provides a vital third-party resource to help seafood companies balance environmental responsibility with business success.”

 

Greenpeace

Environmental -  all sectors

http://www.greenpeace.org

 

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/oceans/

 

http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/Campaign-reports/

 

Multiple campaigns across several industries including fishing. History of confrontation rather than collaboration. Publish league tables comparing and rating seafood retailers in key markets e.g. UK and USA.

 

Most recent direct contact Nov 2017, request for information from Greenpeace on FMFO production statistics.

 

Marine Conservation Society

Environmental

https://www.mcsuk.org/

https://www.mcsuk.org/responsible-seafood/

UK based. Publish the Good Fish Guide. Previously member of IFFO RS governing body.

 

 

NGO

Scope

Website

Publications

Comments

 

New England Aquarium

Environmental

http://www.neaq.org/about-us/mission-vision/

 

 

Main role as educator and running the Boston Aquarium but also provide advice to seafood companies on sustainable sourcing.

 

Oceana

Environmental - fish

http://oceana.org/about-oceana/about-us

http://oceana.org/publications/reports

Global seafood conservation although main work to date has been in western fisheries.

 

Oxfam

Addressing poverty and humanitarian crises.

 

https://www.oxfam.org.uk/

http://www.oxfamannualreview.org.uk/

Main point of contact with seafood industry has been on social and labour standards in Thailand.

 

PETA

Animal Welfare

https://www.peta.org.uk/

 

USA based international activist campaigning organisation against use of animals for food, clothing or entertainment, several celebrity supporters. Promote vegan diets.

 

Pew Charitable Trust

Broad scope across many areas of public policy.

http://www.pewtrusts.org/en

http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/projects#list/alphabetical/all/0

Stated aim is to “to improve public policy, inform the public and invigorate civic life”. With over US$5bn in endowments and an annual budget of ca US4250m, one of the best funded NGO’s. Active interests in fisheries management, ending illegal fishing and funding ecosystem based research. Funded the 2012 Lenfest group report “Little Fish Big Impact” which recommended very precautionary approach but conclusions later criticised for methodology not being applicable.

 

NGO

Scope

Website

Publications

Comments

 

Seafood Watch

Environmental and Social - fish

http://www.seafoodwatch.org/

 

Publish ratings guide for popular commercial seafood species based on standards for wild and farmed fish. Internal rating system.

http://www.seafoodwatch.org/about-us/our-standards

 

Supported by Monterey Bay Aquarium.

Visit by A Mallison to SW head office May2016. Wendy Norden wnorden@mbayaq.org attended IFFO conference in Bangkok Oct 2016. Ongoing working relationship. F Aldon providing feedback on SW standard.

 

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership

Environmental

https://www.sustainablefish.org/

 

https://www.sustainablefish.org/News/SFP-publishes-annual-sustainability-overview-of-reduction-fisheries3

https://www.sustainablefish.org/Programs/Science/FishSource

 

Aims to provide seafood businesses with information and tools to improve sustainable sourcing. Previously focussed on managing fishery improvement projects. Produce reports and FishSource ratings. Represented on governing body of IFFO RS.

 

WWF

Environmental

http://wwf.panda.org/who_we_are/

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/

One of the most widespread international environmental NGO’s with a presence in over 100 countries. Some centralised policy making but also a high degree of autonomy given to national level. Generally constructive approach to working with industry and promoting projects to improve standards in capture and culture fisheries.