IFFO Position Papers

Oceana Report on Dark Fishmeal in Peru, February 2019

On February 13th 2019, the NGO Oceana published a Press Release on the production of illegal fishmeal in Peru. The communication cites the results of an Oceana report into the diversion of approximately 150,000 tonnes of anchovy from direct human consumption into the manufacture of fishmeal. Any...

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) - position paper

Guidance for IFFO members – January 2018 Introduction The seventeen UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were proposed at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012 to meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing the world....

IFFO 2020 - eNGO’s

Introduction With the concerns over environmental sustainability of wild fish and, more recently, fed aquaculture, several national and international NGO’s have become very active in challenging the industry. Some are constructive in their approach, critical but willing to work with industry in...

Fish in: Fish Out (FIFO) ratios for the conversion of wild feed to farmed fish, including salmon

FIFOs (Fish In:Fish Out ratios) have been examined over time as a way to look at the performance of aquaculture in relation to the wild fish that are utilised in feed. Although there are some issues with the applicability of the concept, FIFO is still regarded by some as a benchmark of progress by...

Forage Fish Dependency Ratio (FFDR)

IFFO’s Position FFDR could be regarded as part of an overall package of information relating to fed aquaculture sustainability, but caution needs to be exercised in how the information is interpreted, and the figures produced for FFDR should not be examined in isolation.  This position paper...

Pages