IFFO Position Papers

Fish in: Fish Out (FIFO) ratios for the conversion of wild feed to farmed fish, including salmon

FIFOs (Fish In:Fish Out ratios) have been examined over time as a way to look at the performance of aquaculture in relation to the wild fish that are utilised in feed. Although there are some issues with the applicability of the concept, FIFO is still regarded by some as a benchmark of progress by...

Forage Fish Dependency Ratio (FFDR)

IFFO’s Position FFDR could be regarded as part of an overall package of information relating to fed aquaculture sustainability, but caution needs to be exercised in how the information is interpreted, and the figures produced for FFDR should not be examined in isolation.  This position paper...

F3 (Fish Free Feed) Challenge

The fishmeal and fish oil industry have embraced responsible production and provided a vital channel to utilise by-products from seafood processing. Over 40% of the global fishmeal and fish oil production is now from factories certified under an independent third party scheme assessing the source...

Fish as Food or Feed?

The use of small species of fish as farmed animal (including fish) feed is important for global food security and is entirely appropriate if the source fishery is well managed and does not deprive local communities of good quality food for which there is a demand.Recent reports in the media and...

IFFO welcomes Aquaculture Stewardship Council Responsible Feed Standard consultation.

On 30th June 2015, the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) issued their draft Responsible Feed Standard for public consultation. This is a welcome opportunity to comment on the proposals which form a wide ranging and demanding standard, encompassing environmental impacts, social and welfare...

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